Frequently Asked Questions-What is Investment Banking Structure-FAQ-Structure of Investment Banking

Structure of Investment Banking

In the United States, the term “investment banking” is often used to refer to business banking. Investment banks are types of financial institutions that help issue securities on behalf of clients and help businesses, government agencies, and people get the money they need. In addition to their main job of helping companies merge or buy each other, investment banks may also offer consulting services for foreign exchange, commodities, securities, market making, derivatives dealing, and fixed income instruments. The group not only gives loans to businesses it works with, but it also offers business consulting services. This article discusses in detail about structure of investment banking.

After learning about what to expect from a job in investment banking, the next step is to look into the opportunities that different banks offer. Investment banking is one of the oldest and most developed fields, so it naturally has a lot of different subfields. It is likely that you will be asked about your reasons for going to this particular branch of the company during the hiring process. After the first round of talks, you can’t move forward unless you really want the job and understand it well.

Structure of Investment Banking

In addition, trade banks play a big role in the underwriting process. The promise that the buyer will buy the remaining shares or debt that a public limited company has sold. This motivates potential issuers to raise funds by selling shares or debentures, streamlining their business projects. Underwriters take on the danger that comes with selling securities. If they can’t find enough buyers, they might have to keep some of the securities for their own use. They make money when they sell parts of an offering to buyers or broker-dealers for more than what they paid the issuer for those parts. The structure of investment banking include:

Global Banking for Transactions

The Societe Generale Group’s Global Transaction Banking (GTB) handles money-related tasks like foreign exchange, factoring, cash management, and lending for international trade. Commercial cards, payment services for both domestic and foreign transactions, cash and liquidity management, and trade finance solutions are all useful tools that governments, businesses, and institutions can use.

Business Banking

Commercial banks provide a wide range of banking services, such as savings accounts, overdraft insurance, loans, CDs, and more. The way that financial institutions make money is by giving loans to customers and collecting interest payments.

The Division of Capital Markets

CMD can help clients with things like buying and selling financial products, getting money to start a business, and managing risk. A lot of the time, this job involves high-margin deals in the fixed income, stock, commodity, and currency markets, such as structured products, swaps, and S&T activity. There will be sales of products, management of client relationships, and tips on how to allocate a portfolio. Regardless, traders are responsible for carrying out orders (client demand) at the best price while reducing their risk.

Business Banking

Merchant banks are types of banks that help big businesses and wealthy individuals with things like underwriting, lending, financial advice, and raising money. Merchant banks are experts in foreign trade and work with big companies from around the world.

Investment Banking Back Office

As a safety net, markets for capital Support tasks for technology and administration are also common. In the financial bank, the back office helps the front office with tasks that bring in money. The back office is in charge of customer service, human resources, and running the business.

The Division of Research

The Research Division creates detailed reports on industries and companies to help institutional, S&T, and AM clients make choices about which stocks to buy. Have you seen anything interesting about the Chinese wall that separates the Research Department from the IBD? Following these steps will prevent the Research Division from “sharing” the IBD’s private data. Even though it doesn’t directly generate revenue for the bank, the study department is still considered a front office.

Management of Investments

It’s not enough to just buy and sell financial assets and alternative investment platforms as part of investment management. Whether it’s for the short or long term, management is coming up with a plan for how to buy and sell the assets that make up a portfolio. Service and responsibility related to budgeting, taxes, and banks could also be added.

Investment Banking Middle Office

A lot of common examples are compliance, risk management, money control, the company treasury, and corporate strategy. Finally, the middle office’s job is to keep the investment bank safe from anything that could hurt its general stability. The middle office and the front office talk to each other a lot, which keeps an eye on making sure the company doesn’t take on too much risk by underwriting certain stocks.

Investment Banking Front Desk

Are you thinking about becoming an investment banker? It is very likely that the front desk is where the job will be located. Through investment banking, trading, and study, the front office’s job is to bring in money for the bank.The front desk of an investment bank is in charge of helping clients raise money and make deals with other companies.The sales and commerce section is in charge of buying and selling goods and services for the bank and its clients. For example, commodities and derivatives are both things that can be bought and sold. Financial companies do analyses and send out reports to guess how profitable a business will be. Other experts in the finance field buy these papers to use for their own study.

The Division of Wealth Management

The Wealth Management Division (WMD) caters to (ultra-)high net worth individuals, offering personalized financial solutions for managing substantial amounts of money. Unlike the broader clientele of the Investment Banking Division (IBD), WMD focuses on multibillionaires seeking tailored investment advice across diverse asset classes. Establishing lasting connections with clients is vital for both WMD and IBD, but WMD places a stronger emphasis on developing personal relationships. Each department has distinct job roles, working hours, and stress factors. The Research Department and IBD entail demanding and lengthy workweeks, while capital markets sections, with more organized schedules, operate efficiently during market hours. The current market instability contributes to challenging and busy days across all departments.

Division of Asset Management

The Asset Management Department (AMD) works with insurance companies, pension funds, sovereign wealth funds, trusts, and foundations, among other non-institutional clients. AMD’s many divisions come from the different investment options it offers. There are three main types of investments: infrastructure, private equity, and real estate. The investment banking structure includes divisions like M&A, ECM, and DCM, supporting financial transactions and strategic advisory services.

Division of Investment Banking

IBD aids capital acquisition and advises on mergers, acquisitions, and business transactions. IBD encompasses economic sectors and product categories, including M&A, ECM, and DCM. Distinct client groups, such as real estate, healthcare, FIG, NR, C&R, and TMT, define coverage areas. Each company within an industry group belongs to a specific field. Team size limits data separation, with Malaysia having fewer business conglomerates due to smaller rosters. Despite diverse customer bases, product categories intersect with numerous industries, while industry categories encounter various banking types. During the IPO process, industry associations collaborate closely to understand the company’s strategy and draft the prospectus, while product teams focus on investor engagement and market sentiment.


Is there Risk in Advising People on Investments?

Market risk, which is sometimes called “macro risk,” is something that investment banks try to reduce because it can’t be ignored. We call the chance of losing money “market risk” or “market factor.” There are a lot of things to think about, like the exchange rate, inflation, and the instability of interest rates.

When can Structured Goods be Bought and Sold?

Structured products are not traded on an exchange and are hard to transfer, unless the offering papers say otherwise. The company that makes a structured product may offer liquidity to its clients as an extra service.

Are Investments that are Organized Safe?

A lot of the time, structured notes are too hard to understand and risky for private investors. Like other financial products, structured notes can lose value when the market goes up and down. Some ordered notes have important safety features built in. Individuals who don’t follow the rules could lose all of their investments.

Last Thoughts

When it comes to mergers and acquisitions, “investment banking” usually means providing advice and insurance for deals. The investment banking business is very competitive right now because of changes in regulations, more globalization, and better tools and technologies. Because of this, most investment banks have turned their attention to action in the capital markets. The structure of investment banking has a strong role to play in the whole process which you should be aware of it while conducting various business activities. Read this detailed white paper to gain a more comprehensive understanding of role of investment banking subject.

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